The 17th century saw a huge transfer of the ownership of land in Ireland from the native Irish and Old English families to the newer English planters. A large number of the new landowners were Cromwellian soldiers and investors in the Cromwellian army, the so-called ‘adventurers’. The Civil Survey 1654-1656 was set up by Cromwell’s government in Ireland to gather information about the location and quality of the confiscated land. The survey is based on the old division of land into baronies and the smaller subdivisions of parishes and townlands It provides a wealth of information for historians and geographers. It is called the ‘Civil’ survey because it was under the jurisdiction of the civil authorities. Twenty-seven counties were surveyed but unfortunately the finished survey was dogged by bad luck with large portions being destroyed by fires in various repositories. Only the survey of the barony of Muskerry survives for Cork. The valuation of Cork city for 1663-1664 which has also survived is not formally part of the Civil Survey but is very similar to it in terms of the information it contains.
Volume VI of the Civil Survey contains the following information: the Civil Survey for the county of Waterford with appendices: Muskerry Barony, Co. Cork and Kilkenny City and Liberties (part of); also valuations circa 1663-64, for Waterford and Cork Cities.
Select a link below to view the Civil Survey, Volume VI as an interactive Flipping Book publication or as a PDF (size 42Mb).